1850 Part II continued
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a 1958 Report of The Woodland History Committee

Revised Edition Copyright 2000 by Judy Card


DAVIS, ENNELS CLOUESS by Willa or Maud Maxwell Brain - granddaughter.

Curtis Gardner has asked me to write a history of the Ennels Clouess Davis family, in addition to what I am writing about my father, George W. Maxwell, and the years he spent in the vicinity of Pekin on Lewis River. Will begin with my great grandmother, Nancy Davis Kinder, who was born in North Carolina in 1806. She married William Davis and they later moved to Illinois where Mr. Davis died. In 1847 she married Gallitan Kinder. Mr. Kinder came to Clark County in 1858 and located on the East Fork of Lewis River where highway 99 now crosses. This place has been known down through the years as the Kinder Rock, but more recently has been called Eddyrock. Mrs. Kinder came West a year later and they lived for a few years on the North Fork of the Lewis River a short distance above the "forks".

Mr. Kinder's four sons by a former marriage will be remembered by many of the older residents around Woodland and La Center as Elias, James and Jeff who was a part of the firm of Hobert & Kinder in La Center for many years, and Sam who lived in Columbia County, Oregon. James has a son living in Vancouver; Elias and Jeff never married, and I know nothing of Sam's family.

Nancy and Gallitan Kinder separated in 1866 and Mrs. Kinder moved over into Cowlitz County and located on a part of what had been the Owen Bozorth donation land claim situated on Lewis River about a half mile below the forks, with the Pekin property joining on the West.

Now I shall have to go back several years; Mrs. Kinder's son, Ennels Clouess Davis, who was born in North Carolina in 1825 and who had gone to Illinois with the family, had married in the late 1840s. About 1852 he brought his wife and one son to Sacramento, California, where their daughter Mary Elizabeth (later my mother) was born August 22, 1853. Then on October 28, 1855 their youngest son, William Alfred was born at Drytown, about thirty miles from Sacramento. Mr. Davis' wife died in 1858 and two years later he brought the two younger children North and left them with his mother who was at that time, as mentioned earlier, living on the North fork of Lewis River in Clark County. He returned to California, where he and his brother Linzy, who had came west with the family earlier, operated a ranch for a few years. Then in the late 1860's he and his older son, Ennels Columbus and his brother came back to the Lewis River country. He took up land on Lewis river in Clark County and directly across the river from where his mother had located in Cowlitz County a short time before. His three children, who were nearly grown by this time, were with him at this place.

He maintained a ferry here until his death on March 27, 1888. There was a steam boat landing at this place and it was always known as Davis Landing or Davis Ferry, but now it is being called Pekin Ferry, and the road leading to the river on the Clark County side is called "Pekin Ferry Road". This I regret very much, for I think the names of the pioneers should be retained. True, Pekin is a pioneer name too, but it is on the other side of the river and downstream a short distance.

About 1870 the older son married Harriett Strong, a daughter of Solomon Strong. Sometime later they moved to Eastern Oregon where most of their family of seven children grew up, then later he and his wife moved to Portland where he died in July of 1930. His wife passed away about a year later. There are two of their children living; Mrs. Ethel Taggesell in Portland and Gilbert Davis living in Oregon City.

William A. the younger son was married in the late 1870's to Martha Black, daughter of Wm. H. Black, who was a County commissioner in Cowlitz County. They too had seven children, three of whom are living: Mrs. Lorena Bockner, Mrs. Susan Clark, and Ada M. Davis, all living in Portland. William was a river boat captain on Lewis River for many years and later on the Columbia and Willamette rivers, retiring at the age of ninety years. Mary Davis married George W. Maxwell in 1885.

My great grandmother, Nancy Kinder, died on January 9, 1889 after being paralyzed for nine years. Her son, Linzy Davis married Minerva Strong a daughter of Ezra Strong. They had two sons, Herbert and Claud, both deceased. Claud had five children, all living in the vicinity of Everett, Washington and Herbert had three daughters, Mrs. Rosie House, Mrs. Lillian Ryder, living in Vancouver, and Mrs. Mary Harp in Texas.


Edwin E. Dale and brother of Mrs. Phillip Blue worked in the Blue general store in Woodland and later was a partner of Ben Barr in a garage at the present Woodland junction.

Edwin Dale was state representative for two terms. His wife was Cora Belle Dale.

DAVIDSON, ALUARD by nephew Roy C. Davidson

Aluard K. Davidson was the son of Joseph C. Davidson and wife, Mary Ann Ferrin, and was born in Marshall County, Iowa about where Le Grande is located today.

He came to Oregon with the family arriving in Oregon City in November, 1859. Born 18th October, died 14th January , 1932.

On June 30, 1880 he was married to Mary E. Frary in Portland, Oregon and shortly after moved to the locality of Woodland, Washington. He acquired a considerable acreage there, and I know he had a ranch near the Columbia River, at Caples Landing.

On his ranch he raised mostly horses, and bred into the Hamiltonians for trotters. He also had beef cattle and sold the wild hay from the bottoms and I remember getting hay from him at our place at Magger (Mayger?), Oregon. We also bought a fine horse from him that we used mostly for driving.

I knew Uncle Aluard went in for racing stock but I have no recollections of those days.

1900, I do remember the year, when he and his family lived on our ranch at Magger (Mayger?). My father bought a violin from him and he gave me lessons. He was a good violinist and I spent many happy hours with him.

I think he went back to Vancouver when they left our place.

He belonged to the Odd Fellows lodge of Woodland, Washington, and was interred in the "Lone Fir" cemetery, Portland, Oregon.

There were born to them 5 children: Joseph H., Vancouver, Wash; Edna Leisure, Vancouver, Washington; Helen Foulke, Vancouver, Wash.; Elly Gray, Vancouver, Washington. Don Ivan deceased in early age.


Luther Davis from Iowa settled in the Cedar Creek area in 1881 or '82. His brother Nathan had come several years before in a large group of emigrants from the same place in Iowa and had settled on the other side of Lewis River.

Luther Davis married Ellen Brougher of La Center. Their children were Elmer, Fouts, Jack, Minnie and Clara. Elmer married an Eastern girl and never came West. Fouts married Mathilda Christ of a prominent Vancouver family. Fouts was Clark County Assessor for two terms. Jake married a widow, Mrs. Jensen with four sons. Jake, for some reason, changed his name to Drusey before marrying Mrs. Jensen. They had two daughters. Minnie married Mike Lunch and their children were Bertha and William. Clara married James Willey and their children were Mabel, George and Laurance.

Mrs. Luther Davis was an aunt of J. Whicomb Brougher of the White Temple Church of Portland. Dr. Brougher was pastor there many years and now in his nineties still preaches there occasionally. Mrs. Davis was also an aunt of Abraham Lincoln. Link Brougher, a long time La Center business man. He also taught school at Lake Shore in 1890, carried mail horse back in 1891 and '92, operated the Vancouver - La Center stage line and edited the Tribune in 1897. His son Dr. John C. Brougher who gave this information, lives in Vancouver where he practices medicine.


John and Alice Dunn came to the vicinity of Woodland from Waukeegan Illinois in November, 1902. While there he was in the employ of Swift and Company working in the ice department.

Mrs. Dunn had a daughter who by marriage became Reva Woodard. Her husband recently passed away.

Mr. Dunn was a farmer whose place was 1 1/2 miles up the Lewis River from Woodland on the Cowlitz County side.

John Samuel Dunn, born 1866, date of death September 11, 1939.

Mary Alice Dunn, born January 10, 1863, date of death June 24, 1924.


See John Gillott family.


Joe Eaton took up his Donation Land Claim East of the John Shaw Bozorth Donation Land Claim in 1853. He pursued farming and took part in civic activities as evidenced by being Clark Co. contstable in 1866-67. Both sides of Lewis River were then in Clark County. His children were: Margaret Ann, Nancy, Joe Jr., John and Ike.

Margaret Ann married John Robinson. For their children see John Robinson. Nancy married Henry Kulpur. For their children see Henry Kulphur. Joe Jr. married Alice Birt - apparently had no children. John married Matilda Gillihan and their children were: Bert, Charley, Bessie and Jesse. Ike married Celestia Strong, sister of Willard Strong. Their children were Nettie and Courtney, Pearl and Jesse. Courtney married Pearl Pea and their children are Thelma who married Leo Hill, Elmer who married Lucille Wallace, Lola who married Roy Waite, and Luella who married John Merz. Of Ike Eaton's other children Nettie, Pearl and Jesse, nothing is known of Nettie, Pearl died young and Jesse married in the Phillipines.


John Eggars, brother-in-law of Ad Reid, (having married Ad's sister) moved with his family into the Hayes district about 1890. He bought the place adjoining the present Adventist School from Joe Hall. The place is or has been known as the Bill Christensen place. Mr. Eggars was a farmer and carpenter and bass singer. He wore red sideburns and cut quite a swath in the community.

The Eggars family consisted of Laura and Bill by a former wife and Herman, Victor and two or three younger ones. Laura Eggars married Jesse Houghton (See Jesse Houghton family) and Bill married later in life and spent his adult life in the U.S. Lighthouse service as a maintenance man. Randolph Remington tells of the following incident which occurred in the Hayes school when C.A. Soney was the teacher. He says that Bill and Earl Allen got into a fight and Prof. Soney gave them each a licking. Bill got his first, then when Earl's turn came he stooped over to give the teacher a good chance and as he laid the whip on Earl counted the lashes - one- two- three- until the tenth one then he raised up, turned around and said "that's enough!" and it was.

The Eggars moved from the Hayes district about 1896.


John K. Englert married Jane E. Olen in Nebraska. In 1886 they settled on Lewis River at the present Reno Cutoff. Mr. Englert farmed for 11 years, then moved to Woodland. He bought a livery barn office, set up a barber shop and barbered until he died at age 78. His son Bill is still barbering in the same shop. Their children were John, Kire, Fred, Ella, Nin, Amy and Amos (twins), William G., Bessie, Lodie, Robert and Catherine. John was a photographer and never married. Kire never married. Fred married Jennie Arnie. Ella married Charley Fisher. Nina married Joe Rudolph. Amy married Warren Kolbach. Amos died when three weeks old. William G. married Eunice Sheldon. Bessie married Ren Julian and later married John Fisher. Lodie married Ed Butler, later married William Sutton, and later married Chauncey Brown. Robert's wife unknown. Catherine married Fred Blum.

William Englert, John's brother, married (name unknown). Mr. Englert farmed on property above the present Finn Hall until 1892 when the family moved to Woodland. He set up a barber shop where Walt Hansen's Auto Supply is now (2nd and Davidson Ave). He ran it for 8 or 10 years. He led the Woodland Band. He moved to Ridgefield and then to Camas. The children were Mabel, Maude and Eddie.

The Woodland Band members were George Boyer, Joe Quigley, Albert Hank, Bill Bozorth, Amiel Thiel, Sam Conrad, Fred and Ernie Stallcop, Webster Kenyon, Eddie Gardner, Terman Scott, Mabel and Maude Englert.


Ole and Lena Erickson were born and married in Norway. They first settled in Minnesota and in 1883 they came into the Lewis River country by way of a Columbia River steamer from Goble to Caples landing. Mr. Erickson had been working for the Benson Logging Company down the Columbia.

The Ericksons bought a 20 acre tract from Mr. Colvin near the present Fish Hatchery and went to work clearing acreage. In 1896, they built the house now known as the Jennie Gibson place and moved in their family which had grown to 8 children, two having been born in Norway. The children went first to the Johnson Creek school, later to the Etna school when it was built. In 1899, the Ericksons moved to Woodland where the children finished their schooling.

Their children were Alfred, who married Myrtle Newkirk; Marie, who married Omar Klum; John, who married Ellen Lindahl; Hannah, who married Jake Rieger; Ida, who married Fred Miller (Carl Greve's half brother); Emma, who married Carl Tesch; Alma, who married James Clarkson; Ed never married. He took care of the parents.

Emma met Carl when they were attending the Woodland school and Johnnie Branstrater was the teacher. Carl was working for George Goerig and one of his jobs was to help Clara Goerig get to and from school on her tricycle. Hannah, Emma and Ed are the only surviving members and are now living in Woodland.


See Littler family


Rev. Alfred Fairchild and family of wife and children came to Hayes from Flatwoods (now Manor), Washington in 1892. In their two years residence here they created a very favorable impression. The children were Nellie, Frank, Milton, Lettie, James, Asahel and Almeda.

They lived two years in the Hayes School District, 1892-94. The Hayes schoolhouse was then down by the creek under the big maples near the river bank across the road from the Lew Wright (now Ekstein) home. The children of school age in the district at that time were Frank, Milton, Lettie and James Fairchild; Owen, Sarah and Katie Bennett; Rachel, Lettie and Ethel Backman; Minnie, Robert and Ben Barr; Viola, Alta and Clark Wright; Earl, Evelyn, Ethel and Guy Allen; Milo and Ernest Wright; Archie, Curtis and Lillian Gardner; Ray, Dora, Milo and Libbie Allen; Maude and Harry Howard; Martha Bergman, Randolph Remington; America, Esther and Emmet Tucker; Eva Randolph, Steve and Lelia Rossman; Oscar and Roscoe Gardner; Luther and Charles Bays; Laura and Billy Eggars; Frank Russell, Nellie and Annie Harris.

Mr. Fairchild was an industrious, hard-working man, farmed, worked out and preached in Gardner's Chapel and surrounding communities. He was a United Bretheren minister and a Civil War Veteran. From Etna the folks moved to Colfax, Washington. By that time the children were striking out on their own. Mr. and Mrs. Fairchild remained in that community until their deaths.

Mrs. James Harmon of Hayes route, is a great-granddaughter of the Alfred Fairchilds.


Charles Fairchild took up his Donation Land Claim on what is now the Ed Griffith place (near 37000 Old Pacific Highway) in September 1855, just coming under the wire before the Donation Land Claim law expired. The Donation Land Claim law was enacted in 1850 and during its existence the Lewis River bottom lands had been settled.

Mr. Fairchild sold to George and Louise Buchanan, who sold to Ben Griffiths, Ed's father. It was while under the ownership of the Buchanan's that the Buchanan of Hawk cemetery was platted.

FARLEY, ELFING AND ELLA by daughter Clara Ortwein

Elfing Farley and Ella Parker were married in Rapid City, South Dakota, on December 20, 1894. Three children, Winnifred, Avery and Forest were born there. They moved to Portland, Oregon in 1904, and I lived there one year where their fourth child, Mary, was born. In 1905 they moved to the Lewellen place at Kerns. At that time the children of school age attended school at Kerns.

In 1906 they moved to the Clark County side of the Lewis River four miles east of Woodland in the Hayes school district, not far from the covered bridge. Two daughters, Clara and Irene were born there. Mr. Farley worked through the years at Harvey's Mill and the Dayton Mill several miles east, coming home on the weekends, bringing companionship and gladness to his family. Mrs. Farley was always busy working with the Ladies Aid, taking care of sick neighbors, watching over her elderly mother-in-law and two deaf brothers-in-law who lived on a farm near by, and was always a perfect mother to her own family. Their daughter, Winnifred, who was living in Woodland, while attending High School, was married to George Taggart after her graduation in 1915.

There were many events of interest through the years that the community enjoyed. In the earlier days the neighborhood had formed a literary Club which met upstairs over the old store and post office. They met on Saturday evenings and had a supper hour. They were entertained frequently by an interesting character who sang many songs, all of them to the same tune. There were parties in homes and noisy charivaries that old and young participated in. School programs and basket socials were held at the Hayes Hall. There were no baby sitters as everyone was there having a wonderful time in fellowship and participating in community fun.

Another place of special interest was the Gardner Chapel where worship of God was open to all who sought Him. At Christmas time it was filled with parents and children honoring the birth of Christ through song, program and prayer. The evening usually came to a glorious end with the appearance of Santa Claus, who brought magic to the joy of giving. To the younger Farley girls, Santa Claus was a mystery and the secret that he was in reality their father was well kept.

Fourth of July picnics was one of the biggest days of the year. Families from miles around came in wagons and buggies to spend the day. In the church grove long, long tables were spread with the prize dishes of wonderful cooks. There was the huge cake decorated with red, white, and blue, the grandstand draped with bunting and flowers, the long shed shading the resting horses. After the meal everyone enjoyed the most wonderful dessert that was ever made - home made ice cream. There was always a speaker for the after dinner program and then games and races for all.

The Farley family remember times that their father worked on the Spielei on the river, clearing it of the logs that were floated down from above. Their home was on the banks of the Lewis River and when a signal was given up river they knew that it would soon come floating along. So off they went on flying feet to stand on the bank and wave as he drifted by. The community swimming hole that was back of one farm on which they lived provided a wonderful recreation.

In those days the smelt came up the Lewis River and everyone went dipping. There were no regulations and sacks of them were taken home to be cleaned and smoked.

On April 24, 1920, the first tragedy came to the family. The loss of a son and brother, Avery, while he was still a young man and it came as a shock to family and friends. He was engaged to the young school teacher of the one-room school. She was boarding with the family at the time of his death. He was buried in the Gardner Cemetery, the first of several relatives who now rest beside him. It was in the summer of that year that Mr. and Mrs. Farley decided it was too difficult to continue to try to keep up the farm and they moved to Woodland. The neighbors did not let them leave without a farewell party, however, and the evening friends gathered in the home with several games of Pit going at the same time will always be remembered and appreciated.

Mr. Farley continued to work at the woods but was employed for sometime with Long Bell Lumber Company and stayed at Ryderwood, living part of the time with his daughter, Mary, who had married Otto Birt in 1922. He was also employed by the State Highway Department and worked for several years on Highway 99.

Their daughter, Clara, married Milton Ortwein in 1929, and Irene was married to Wayne Bozorth in 1931. It was a number of years later that their son Forest married Millicent Ewasen in Idaho.


George Ferguson, from Scotland, and Mary, from Ireland, met and married in Massachusetts and came by way of California to Kalama in 1881. They bought their Lewis River farm from Timothy Stone, Judge G.E. Stone's father. Mr. Ferguson lived only 2 1/2 years after arrival here. John was three, Jim was 1 1/2 and George was 10 months. George and his father died, leaving Mrs. Ferguson alone to fend for herself and two little boys. However, the neighbors helped, especially the Birt family.

Fran Empatize, a sailor and shipwright, had come to Woodland and was following carpentering and other jobs when he met and married Mrs. Ferguson about two years after Mr. Ferguson had died.

About 1884, the Empatizes filed on a homestead at the mouth of Spielei Creek. They built a cabin, cleared some ground, put in a crop and left Jim and John to take care of things. The boys stayed there one summer, hoeing garden and fighting off wild animals. The family came to the conclusion that the place was too far from civilization and gave it up.

John Ferguson, born February 1878, married Lillian Lee and their children were John, still on the place, George and Mary who died at 13 months.

James Ferguson, born September 8, 1879, married Edith Johnson and their children are: Wayne, born July 25, 1912 married Eleanor Anderson and later Thelma Tooley; Byron, born September 1913, married Pearl Moores; Charles, born 1916, married Ellen Christensen; Albert, born 1918, married Martha Simpson; Donald, born 1926, married Joyce Sigel.

Mrs. Empatize died July 19, 1931 and Mr. Empatize died January 1936. James Ferguson died March 9, 1953 and John died November 1956.


The first Finnish people to come into the Woodland Community were the Charles and Eliel Fields, the Paul and Abel Stephs, the Niemis and Tikenens, who all came in 1903.

Charles and Hannah Fields with their sons Armos, Eino, Earl and daughters Hilda, Jennie and Vivian; and Charles brother Eliel and Ida Fields with their daughters Helmi, Gertrude and Elsie all came to Portland from Finland October 29, 1903, and came down to Woodland on the Str. MASCOT one month later.

If Jemmy Fern, a fellow Finlander living in Portland and interested in Real Estate, while crossing the Columbia at Vancouver, hadn't caught sight of the sign posted on the side of the ferry saying, "For Sale, 160 acres with prune orchard capable of paying for the place in a few years, located 6 miles above Woodland on Lewis River", this band of persons might have settled instead in the Willamette Valley or elsewhere, for in their one month's stay in Portland, these families were casting about for their future home.

The Charles Fields bought and settled on the Tom Powell place where the promising prune orchard stood laden with prunes. The Eliel Fields lived with them the first year and when the prune crop was a failure the next year they gave this place up and bought and settled on adjoining 40's and 80's of the Bill Englert homestead on the Little Kalama Road.

The two Steph families, Paul and Helen, Abel and Amelia, bought and settled on the Little Tom Powell 160 acre homestead on the Little Kalama in 1903. Their families came the following year.

Paul Niemi came in 1903 and his wife Anna and sons Ralph and Wayne came in 1905.

Henry and Mina Tikenen settled on a portion of the Jasper Miller Homestead on the Little Kalama Road, not the Maddox place in 1903.

The Henry Nikenens settled on the Henry Houghton place. The above people came direct from Finland to Portland and down to Woodland.

Abel Leinon took up a homestead on Shoemaker Mountain in 1905. He worked the water pumps in John Peterson's logging camp up Lewis River. They called him the "Cape Horn Man" because he claimed a man couldn't spin sea yarns if hadn't been around the Horn.

Sometime after the Fields had settled here, a friend of Eitl's came down from the Butte mines to visit and apparently gave such a good account of the possibilities of acquiring cheap land and making a home in the Lewis River community, that in 1907 and 1908 several of the union miners settled here. Among them were Emil Koski, Tuisku, David Hikkanen and C.K. and Sophia Johnson, who came in 1907 and bought 20 acres from Henry Niskonen on the old Henry Houghton place.

Nick and Aurora Carson took up a homestead on Shoemaker Mt. in 1908.

Charles and Emma Aho took up a homestead adjoining the Carsons the same year.

Isaac Tuispus settled on Butte Hill in 1908.

Victor and Minnie Hill bought 80 acres from Andrew Powell of the old Lewis Powell place in 1908.

The Mat Haatajas bought the 320 acre Butler homestead on the Little Kalama in 1908. George and John were sons of the original Butler homesteaders.

Jacob and Amelia Wieri and Jacob Basso and wife settled on Butte Hill in 1908. The name Butte Hill may have been given this settlement because of these settlers former residence at Butte, Montana.

John Reijonen, wife and son, Arnes bought 40 acres of the John Wilkensen place on the Little Kalama and David Hult and wife bought 40 acres of the same place in 1908.

Nick and Hilma Keisala bought and settled on 40 acres of the Lew Powell place in 1909.

Nickolas and Aline Anderson, 1912, bought 20 acres of the Big Tom Powell place. Big Tom Powell was the uncle of Little Tom Powell. They were so called for easy identification.

Robert Kuovo was born in Finland in 1893, and came here in 1912 or 1913. He married Ruth Houghton, daughter of Charles and Joella Houghton, who were son and daughter of early Lewis River pioneers. Robert died in 1925 and his son, Robert still lives on the old place.

Eil Huttenon and wife, parents of Helmi Kortes, came in 1917 as did Oscar Matilla and Carl Insel.

Topia and Hidja Lahti bought on Little Kalama Road. Andrew and Sophia Walen bought the old Harvey Rykers place on the Little Kalama in 1917. Harvey Rykers and son Fred shot each other dead in a fracas on the Little Kalama place in 1900.

David Carson and family settled on the Friedly place in 1918.

Einer Suomi settled on the Cook place.

Peter and Hilda Kieri, in 1917, bought from Alex Kinnunen, who bought from Abel Steph, the present Nick Keisala place.

The first Finn Hall was built in 1910 and burned soon afterwards. The present one was built soon after that.

These Finnish people came into the Little Kalama and Butte Hill district when it was a wilderness. Most of the land had been homesteaded but only enough improvements had been made to prove up. No one ventured there without a gun. Little Kalama was the favorite deer hunting country. In 54 years, these Finnish people have transformed these rugged hills into fertile farms, built homes and roads, intermarried and entered into the Community life of Woodland.

FISHER, JOHN H. by Clara Fisher Powell

My father, John H. Fisher was born in Nova Scotia, July 18, 1853. My mother, Elizabeth Higgins, was born in Nova Scotia February 20, 1854. At the age of 19 she came to Boston, there she met my father and was married in November of 1876. My oldest sister was born there in October 1877. In 1878, they came to Portland, staying there about 1 1/2 years.

In 1880 they moved by train to Amboy, staying there only a short time. They then moved from Amboy to Yacolt and took up a timber claim. Stayed there about 3 1/2 years, my brother, Herbert Fisher was born at Yacolt, November 25, 1888. In the spring of 1884, they moved to a farm in Clark County just across the Lewis River from Pekin. They planted a prune orchard, one of the first prune orchards in Clark County.

I was born on this place February 3, 1888. My sister Edna was born August 14, 1889 and my sister Julia was born on October 8, 1891. I was about 12 years old, then I went to Woodland school from 1900 to 1905, walking a distance of 4 miles. My first teacher in Woodland was Amos D. Willoughby, then Clarence Ackerman and I graduated from the 8th grade in 1903, when John Branstrator was teacher.

I was married in 1905 to George Powell, my sister Julia married David Griffiths in 1916; they have five children and live in Philomathe, Ore. My sister Edna married Claude Wallace in 1909. They had one child, now Mrs. John Youngman of Woodland. My brother was married in 1905 to Sophia Bochart, they had one boy, Lawrence Fisher who lives at Orchards, Washington. My oldest sister, Esther, was married to John A. Simms, they had one daughter, now Mrs. G.E. Smith of Portland. My sister Mrs. Dave Griffiths and I are the only two of the family left.

My mother lived on the place across from Pekin till 1927. The heirs sold the place in 1941 to William Bone, who still lives there.

I see I forgot to state in my history that I had 2 children, one boy and one girl. I live at Salmon Creek.


James M. Forbes was born in Martintown, Ontario, and came west in 1876 with his brother Angus, nephew Dick Link was already here. They stopped about 3 years at Rainier, Oregon, cutting cord wood for steam boats. In April 1880, Mr. Forbes married Mary Catherine Emerick in St. Helens, Ore. The next year they, with their nephew, started the Etna store. They hauled their supplies from La Center. In 1884 Forbes bought out his nephew. Business was slack so the Etna store closed and Mr. Forbes moved to La Center and formed a partnership with John Gaither. Two years later he sold out to Gaither and moved back to Etna building his new store down at the mouth of Cedar Creek. He put in a ferry and was made Postmaster in 1886. By this time Woodland had become a trading center and boats ran up the river on Sundays when water permitted so that much of the freight from Etna was shipped in and out by steamboat. Otherwise it was hauled from Woodland via Hayes with a four horse team.

The 1896 flood washed away the store and warehouse and Mr. Forbes never rebuilt. The Etna Post Office was held in his home for awhile and he continued farming. His wife died in 1913 and Mr. Forbes moved to Rainier where he operated a small business. In his last sickness he returned to live with his son, Will, and died in 1934. He was a member of the IOOF Lodge.

Many exciting events centered around the Etna store. Soon After the first steam boats appeared on the Columbia in 1850, they began poking in every dog hole and cranny on the tributary rivers seeking fortune and adventure in the transportation business. In 1858 the Str. EAGLE made it up the Lewis River to the John place near future Hayes for loads of potatoes. Moving his store and warehouse down by the river indicates that Mr. Forbes woke up to the importance of river traffic. In the 1880s the Str. DEWDROP made Sunday trips to Etna, water permitting.

Will Forbes tells of a near swamping in 1895 when the H. C. GRADY and MASCOT were maneuvering to tie up along side the Etna warehouse. Will, age 13 and Indian Joe got caught in their skiff between the two steamers and the gap was closing. Joe was at the oars and Bill said "Pull" and Joe said, "Me no pull." Bill picked up a paddle and said "pull or I'll kill you." Then Joe pulled them free.

Another incident involved these same boats. The GRADY'S home port was Hayes and the MASCOT'S was Woodland. It was known that there was a cargo of potatoes at the Etna Store for the first boat to arrive. About midnight the MASCOT with lights out quietly passed by the GRADY tied up at her dock, but the eagle eye of the watchman spotted her and looked hopeless but luck was with the GRADY. The MASCOT went aground up river and the GRADY beat her to Etna and got the freight.

The Forbes children were:: Elizabeth who never married, was a school teacher; William married Sarah Bennet, no children; Angus never married, killed in World War I. VFW Post named for him; Marvin married Veda Hamlin; Mary married Thomas Anderson, Charlotte married James Halverson; Lorinda married Thede Brothers; Estella married Chas. Fletcher; Ernest married Pearl Greenwood. Will and Sarah bought the old Forbes home place in 1920 and are retired there.


Harry Fredrickson says he was three years old when he came from Wisconsin to Lewis River with his parents, Mr. & Mrs. Tom Fredrickson, and Tom's brothers, Mat and Hans in 1883. He says they all settled at Shirttail Canyon on three adjoining tracts of land bought from three Indians for $30.00. Harry doesn't remember how they came in but the Str. Lucia Mason was running from Portland to Woodland at that time. He says there were no boats running to Etna then. John Robinson and Hansen Miller did freighting up the river over Husky Mt. and one of them probably took them on up from Woodland.

Harry told of the difficulties of getting supplies in. He had no horses and says they packed things in on their backs. On foot they could take short cuts and avoid the muddy road. Mat, who owned the upstream tract, was a blacksmith and was the first one to sell out. He sold to Clamp who sold to Gus Bagrielson. Hans developed his farm and sold to Thompson, who sold to Christie, who sold to John Dahl who sold to (name unknown), who sold to John Runyan.

The Tom Fredricksons, Harry's parents, lived on the farm until Tom died about 1926. Mrs. Fredrickson stayed on until the Ariel dam was started, when she sold the place and moved to Portland. The children, Harry, Arthur, Florence, Lillie, May and Fred went to school, the older ones first to the log school house at the south of Johnson Creek. Later the Etna School house was built just above Colvin Creek and 5 miles to Johnson Creek. What sturdy calves these youngsters must have developed. Some of the teachers were Lelia Jenkins, C.A. Soney, Lizzie Forbes.

When school days were over, Harry and Art struck out on their own. Both worked in the John B. Yeon logging camp below Rainier, Oregon. Harry worked there seven years during which time he married the cook, Miss Emma Olsen in 1906. The newlyweds then came back to the Lewis River country and took up a homestead where they have resided ever since. Following are Harry's brothers and sisters: Arthur, born in Wisconsin, married Amy Baine, they lived at Etna; Florence, married Ted Bextron and moved away; Lillie married Emil Holburg and moved away; May married Jim Hartley, an Englishman, who worked around Lewis River; Fred died at age 15.

Harry and Emma Olsen Fredrickson's child is Alfred, who married Esther Jones.

GARDNER, DANIEL WHITE by grandson Curtis Gardner

Daniel White Gardner was born in Franklin County, Massachusetts, September 12, 1814. In his native county he married, April 12, 1840, Miss Lorena Brizzee, also a native of Franklin County, who was born October 4, 1820, and with her emigrated, in 1842, to Mancock County, Illinois. In 1846, they settled in Van Buren County; and in 1849 removed to Pottawattamie County, the same state where they remained until May 16, 1852, on which date they started to cross the plains with ox teams and some stock. At Courthouse Rock the train with which they had thus far journeyed, separated owing to the illness of a child in Mr. Gardner's family being too sick to travel. This party, which consisted of Mr. and Mrs. Gardner and four children, a teamster and another pioneer family of four persons thence forward made the pilgrimage to Oregon unattached to any special company, but camped as fortune willed it, occasionally with large bands and sometimes small. On the last day of November 1852, our voyageurs got to the Dalles and went into Winter quarters in their tents, for there were no buildings there save those at the government post and Craig's store. Not far from them, also facing the inclement weather in a tent was the late Capt. Fales. Such was the severity of the winter that soon their stock all died; there was no feed to be had; the river was frozen and the snow lay to a depth of three feet; and the following Spring say Mr. Gardner worse off than when he arrived. However, he was soon up and doing, for to bemoan his misfortune was of no avail. He entered into a contract with the government to burn charcoal for fifty cents a bushel and found that to be no child's play, for the wood had to be dragged to the pit in a hand-sled. Meanwhile, careful of the welfare of the family as soon as the river opened from its ice-bound bonds, he dispatched them down the Columbia in a boat named the Sea Serpent, to Portland, and while on the way they passed a night at Dick Ough's place in Clarke County. They remained in Portland until joined by Mr. Gardner. He now sought a tract whereon to make a permanent location. Coming overland to the North Fork of the Lewis River he then visited Rainier and the region of the Cowlitz, and finally returned to his starting point, where he located a claim about the first of May, 1853. Thither he moved his family on the ninth of that month and made "all snug". Here at this time, says Mr. Gardner, was one of the outposts of civilization; there were no settlers beyond his domain on the Lewis River, and here he cut some logs, placed them four above each other, and then stretched a covering of "tent-cloth", and thus built a home ten by twelve feet in dimensions. Their furniture comprised a chair, the "end gate" of the wagon made an excellent table, while poles placed athwart the apartment and covered with fir boughs and feather beds formed a couch for the entire family, which, although not of down, was sufficient comfort to woo the somnolent goddess. Subsequently a log house was erected, which served its purpose until the present residence was raised and completed in October, 1866. The Gardners had 9 children: Ellen L., Sophia L., Amanda J., Sarah, Daniel Wells, Mary, George W. , Emma C. and Edward.

Ellen Gardner married Jonathan Gerow. They had ten children, none living in the Woodland area. They lived in La Center and Chinook, Wash.

Sophia Gardner married David W. Kenyon. They lived on Lewis River. See Kenyon, David family.

Amanda Gardner married Elisha Colvin. They lived at La Center and Ilwaco, Washington.

Sarah Gardner married Henry Houghton. They lived on Lewis River. See Houghton, Henry family.

Daniel Wells Gardner married Martha I. Gilson, in 1877, and their children were Archie, Curtis, Lillian, Floyd and Oliver, all born on the old Donation Land Claim at Hayes. Archie married May Brown and their children were Arthur, Clair, Katherine, Calvin and Lawrence. Curtis married Hattie Evangeline Hyde and their children are Daniel, Phyllis, Betsy and Nancy (twins), and Maurice. Lillian married Joseph Johnston and their children are Davis, Helen and Donald. Floyd married Merle Grimsey and they have one son, Floyd Jr. Oliver married Margaret Cook and they have no children.

D. Wells Gardner, as everybody knew him, was born in 1854, and died in 1924. Somewhere along his adult life, probably both before and after marriage, he taught school in several districts in Clark County. He farmed, worked in logging camps, was Hayes Postmaster, a J. P. and Notary Public at times and was a member of the board organized to build the Hayes Church, called Gardner's Chapel. He was very musical, playing in the Hayes band and was a good singer and fiddler.

In 1900 Mr. Gardner and his wife moved to Clayoquot, B.C. on a mining and timber cruising venture where she died that June. He stayed on a few years, subsequently moving to Kalama, 1909 - 1918, and later to Portland where he spent his remaining years near his children.

Many were the exciting tales he used to tell of log driving exploits. He rafted the lumber down from Ad Reid's mill at Cedar Creek for the Hayes Church. The only way of steering the raft was a sweep at each end. Hurtling down over the riffles, only Herculanian efforts prevented a smash-up below. He worked with log driving crews and never wore caulks, figuring with a peavey or pike pole he could stay on top. It didn't always work but he was a good swimmer.

Mary Gardner married Albert Luelling and lived on Lewis River. See Luelling, Albert family.

She later married Charles Oleson. They lived in Portland, and had one son, Charles Raymond who married Meta Matthies. George Gardner drowned in Lewis River at age 17.

Emma C. Gardner married Thomas Wilson. They lived near La Center. Had five children: Clyda, Jim, George, Charley and Dan.

Edward E. Gardner married Lida C. Littler in 1890. The courtship culminated while she was teaching at the Hayes School. Ed and Emma were the only children left on the farm in 1877 when Wells was married and George had been drowned two years before. Ed was 13 and his father 63. The cleared acreage was the largest in the neighborhood, which threw a heavy burden on both. But Ed was a dashing young blade as well and squired the girls, took part in plays and debating societies. When he and Lida were married they received a grand reception from the neighbors. The church was built and Lida was the organist as long as they lived there.

By the middle '90's Ed's legs began failing and not being able to do the farm work, he rented to Newell Ward and Charley Houghton. The latter stayed on from 1897 to 1903. Soon after Ed sold out he moved to Kerns for a year, then to Portland a year or two, then to Sacramento where he died in 1924. Lida now resides in Sacramento near the children and grandchildren, being 90 years old. Their children are Ralph, Pauline and Lois. Ralph married Fern Kelley in 1951(1915?). Pauline married Charles Gulier in 1914 and Lois married Walter Morrison in 1917.


The Alonzo Gants and her parents, the Holcombs, bought the Tom Hollingsworth place at Hayes about 1894. Mr. Gant, besides farming, did logging up Lewis River and operated a cheese factory on his place. The neighbors took their milk there and Clarence Gant operated the factory. Mr. Gant was a short stubby man with close clipped beard and twinkling eye. The Gants were active in community life. Their children were Clarence, Jake, Ethel and two or three younger ones. Clarence never married. Jake married Ethel Backman and Ethel married Charley Lundgreen.

GATTON, SAMUEL by granddaughter Lena Hamblen

Samuel Gatton was born June 2, 1833 in Sandusky, Ohio, of parents who came from Maryland, and were of Scots descent. In 1837 his parents, Galentine and Sara Gatton moved from Sandusky, Ohio to West Liberty, Iowa.

At the age of seventeen young Samuel left West Liberty in May, 1855 with his maternal grandparents, John and Margaret Henderickson, to make the great trek west to Oregon. It was November when they arrived at the Cascade Locks. Finding the Crig Henery tied up below the falls, they wintered in it. On the shore there was some bunch grass and lots of rushes and willows, on this feed, the stock came through the winter in very good condition.

Coming on to Portland in the Spring of 1851, the grandfather and mother settled below Albina at the upper end of Swan Island. Mr. Gatton made his home with them. Later he got a job with a government Surveyor. In 1851 he helped run the base line from the Coast Range to the Northern foot hills of Mt. Hood. Returning from this survey of the base line, they started North, surveying the Meridian, passing through the Lewis River Valley and on to Nisqually. The next year, Mr. Ives, the Government surveyor engaged him to go on another surveying trip. That season they ran off 13 townships and section sized five of them on the West side of the Meridian line, as far south as French Prairie. While on this trip Mr. Gatton cast his first vote at Champoeg.

In 1853 he married Nancy Jane Freel at Albina. She lived three months and nine days. Mr. Gatton worked as a carpenter until the Indian Wars broke out in 1855, then he volunteered in the Indian Wars, at Ft. Vancouver. He had a great many experiences and hardships.

In 1857 Mr. Gatton was married to Jemina Jane Davidson, a widow, and moved to Woodland in 1859. Later he proved up on 259 acres of land North of Woodland on the Highway. His wife had filed on this land before their marriage. His wife died in 1860, leaving one child, Martha. By now, Mr. Gatton was 27 years old and never remarried.

In his various employments he helped to get out timbers for a railroad at Celilo on the Columbia river, in 1865 he dressed the lumber and helped build the Lee Lewis house and the Lewis Powell house on the Lewis River north of Woodland, and worked on the Woodland School house, the first building to be built in Woodland.

Mr. Gatton crossed the plains eleven times or I should say the Rocky Mountains, once when he drove an ox team and the other times were for business or pleasure.

He was a carpenter by trade, and passed the quarter part of his life in the Lewis River Valley.

Mr. Gatton lived the golden years of his life with his daughter, Martha. He passed away at the ripe old age of 102 years, on July 28, 1935.

He left to his only granddaughter Lena Millard Hamblen his most cherished possession, a Bible given him by his mother when he left his home to go West.


Ira Geemes and wife Kate Rudy came to Woodland from Whatcom City, now Bellingham, Washington in 1899. Mr. Geemes sent his family here at that time and he came a year later. They had previously come from Wisconsin. Their children were Katie, Rose, Chloe, and Caroline.

Katie Geemes Ross, who gave this information, now in her early seventies, lives in her Woodland Home on Dale Street.


See Up-river history of the Nathan Davis Family.

GILSON, ALLEN by grandson Curtis Gardner

Allen Gilson was born March 22, 1817 in Vermont. When 15 years old he lost his father and shortly thereafter left the area. The first we know of his precise whereabouts is in 1844 when he was working on the Des Moines River in Iowa. On February 1, 1844 he married in Mahaska County, Iowa, Elizabeth John, born May 22, 1819. Their children were Harriet, born November 4, 1846; Hiram born August 5, 1850; Sarah A., born July 22, 1853, died 1857; Silas A. , born July 25, 1855; Oliver C., born September 20, 1858; Marth I., born August 4, 1860; Sumner, born September 14, 1864, dying at age 24.

The first four children were born in Iowa and with them the Gilsons headed for Oregon May 1, 1852 in the same covered wagon train with Mrs. Gilson's brothers and sisters and parents, the Jacob Johns. They arrived in Portland October 28, 1852.

Mr. Gilson probably accompanied his father-in-law down to Lewis River in their search for the Bozorth family in the Spring of 1853. Anyway they both filed on Donation Land Claims, Mr. John on March 5th and Mr. Gilson on April 15. The Ferguson brothers, John Wyman and Casey Smearman now own most or all of the Allen Gilson Donation Land Claim which lies one to two miles south of Woodland on the Pekin Road.

The following comment was made on Mr. Gilson in the Clark County History of 1885. "Mr. Gilson, starting in a small way eventually by honesty and fair dealing succeeded in carving out for himself fortune and fame. He erected a saw mill known to this day as Gilson's Mill. He died at his residence November 7, 1870 at age 53.

Descendants of the Allen Gilson's are: Harriet L. Gilson married John Caples. Their children are conrad, Jesse, Arthur and Ora Caples Gawley. Sarah A. Gilson married Joseph Banzer and their children are: Ed Arthur, Cara Alice Banzer Brower, Etta Belle Banzer Brower, Rose Banzer Browner, Henry C., Elizabeth Banzer Macy, Nellie, Martha, Olive and Bernice.

Melissa M. Gilson married George Strong and had one child, Stella Strong Bedford. She later married Mr. Taylor and had one child, Ruby. She later married Mr. Willoughby and had one child, Ida Willoughby Cameron. She finally married Sam Bodyfelt. Silas Gilson never married. Oliver

Gilson married but no details are available. Martha Gilson married D. Wells Gardner. For their children see the Gardner family.


John and Mary Gillotte came first from Waterloo, Iowa to Ellensburg, Washington in 1890 where he was locomotive engineer on the railroad, for five years. In 1895 they moved to Woodland and took up a Homestead at Couger. They lived there three years proving up, then moved to Woodland where be became engineer on the railroad being built through Woodland. He continued there until the through line was completed to Portland in 1908. He then quit railroading and pursued a varied career. He ran a saloon, farmed the Dave Wallace place, was town Marshall and pumping engineer in 1916. He was on the city council when a dispute arose as to which rock to use in the paving of Davidson Avenue. The contractor wanted to substitute rock from across the river on the Canyon Road for St. Helens rock which he figured on in making the bid. Gillott held out for St. Helen's rock and won.

The Gillott children were Nellie, Bert, Mabel and Edith. Nellie married Imley Drum and they had one son, Earl who married Lena Shank. Bert married Lizzie Allen (see Miles Allen family). Mabel married Henry Nelson and they had no children.

Edith married Lurley Gray and they had one son Albert. Earl Drum who gave this information says he and Lena celebrated their 40th wedding anniversary last year.


F. N. Goerig was born in Vienna, Austria, February 9, 1824 and was there educated and resided until 1848 when, due to the revolution was obliged to flee Austria. He emigrated to the United States and landed in Baltimore that Spring. From there he moved to Fredricksonburg, then to Washington D.C. where he worked at his trade as glove maker for two years. He then moved to Galena, Illinois where he remained until 1853 when he crossed the plains with six yoke of oxen for Oregon, leaving in April and arriving at St. Helens in October. He took up a Donation Land Claim on what became known as German Hill and resided there until 1865 when he took possession of the farm on Lewis River. This was a part of the Hans Kraft Donation Land Claim. He married in 1851 in Galena, Illinois, Miss Christina Hiteman and raised a family of nine children: Frank, Elizabeth, George, Edward, Albert, John, Lawrence, William and Carl.

Frank born July 16, 1853, was drowned December 8, 1875 in Coos Bay. Elizabeth married William S. Martin of Martin's Bluff and their children were Herbert (drowned), Claire married Mr. Madden, Ivy (drowned), Ella married a Mr. Meeks. George married Ella Seffert and their children were Matilda Branstater, Clara and Marie, who married Gene Blue. The Blue children were: Phillip, Eloise Kroon, and Mary Jean (Pulfer). Edward married Sarah Smith and their children were Ethel and Joe, who married Hazel De Haven. Their children were: Marie, who married B. E. McDowell; Dorothy, Edward and Lowell. Albert married Elizabeth Hayes; John married Catherine Smith; Laurence married Inez Oliver, daughter of Tom Oliver. William married Mary Hopf; Carl married Ida Bennett.


Albert Gray, son of William Gray, a member of the Marcus Whitman Mission at Wallaiup (now Walla Walla) and descendent of Robert Gray, discoverer of the Columbia River, married Caroline Haack of Vancouver. Their two sons, Lurlie and Will were born in Vancouver. Lurlie in 1878 and Will in 1880. The Grays then moved to Kennewick, Wash. where he was Captain on steam boats hauling supplies for the railroad bridge being built there. Their third child, Gussie was born there in 1888. The Grays moved to Woodland when his brother-in-law, Jacob Kamm put the Str. MASCOT on the Portland/Woodland run in 1890 and became Captain of the MASCOT. Lurlie married Edith Gillott and they had one son, Albert. Will married Emaline Peterson and they had two children, Gerald and Gladyn. Will later married Rose Wallace in 1921. Will was a cheese maker. Gussie married Carl Johnson in 1910, Carl died in December 1957. Gussie now lives in Battle Ground.


Ben S. and Clara Lewis Griffith were married in 1885 or 1886 on Rock Creek near Amboy. They bought and moved in 1889 to the James Buchanan place, the original Charles Fairchild DLC. Their son, Ed still owns most of this place. Mr. Griffith prospered as a farmer and dairyman and in 1902 bought from Charles Chapman 100 acres across the river to develop into a dairy farm. He erected a home, barn and out buildings and moved into the new location leaving the old one to be run by his boys. He ran this farm until 1920 when he retired and moved into town. Mr. Griffith took an active part in civic affairs and was a charter member of the Odd Fellows Lodge. He died in 1934 and his wife died in 1947.

Ed Griffith, the oldest son, now living in Woodland, relates that his first schooling was at Bratton school where he and Martha hiked up over the Hawk Hill by the old cemetery to school. Ed and his brothers and sisters later attended the Woodland School.

Ed and Bertha Quinn Griffith were on his father's farm when Marjorie was born in 1913. Marjorie (Mrs. Harry Taylor) and family still live there. A few years later, about 1916, Ed bought an Idaho farm from which he returned in 1920 to the Woodland farm. In 1921 he went to work for the Clark County Dairy Association and remained there helping John Bogart and Peter Hanft make cheese and butter and ship milk and cream to Portland until 1930. From 1930 to 1934, Ed carried the mail from Woodland to Cougar and way points. The contract required three trips a week to Cougar and at first, while the Ariel Dam was being built, two daily trips to Ariel. Later, when the dam was completed one daily trip to Ariel.

Ed and Bertha's son, Lewis, was born in Woodland while they were still on the Idaho farm. The farm was "out in the sticks" and they wanted to be near a doctor's care and among friends for the event. Lewis married Calverna Simonis. Jean, Ed and Bertha's youngest was born in 1924 on the farm where she and her husband Lionel Livermore now live.

Ben Griffith's second child was Martha, who married Lee Payne of Vancouver. The other Ben Griffith children were David, who married Julia Quinn; Charles, who married Freda Miller, had grown up on the farm and removed the scene of his activities to other fields. He first contracted road grading with teams and scrapers. By 1933, Charley had gone into the trucking business and that year hauled lumber and supplies for the Diamond Lake Bridges on Crater Lake Highway for Curtis Gardner, General Contractor. The following year in partnership with Phil Jones, he furnished the crushed rock and sand for the Cold Water Creek bridge on the Spirit Lake highway for the same contractor. Charley and family now live in Spokane. Curtis Gardner says Charley was a good man to do business with and a good family man.

George Griffith married Verna Quinn. Arthur married Edith homes and has worked for Dairy Coop. since he left the farm. John married Delia Victoria Anstrim, a Portland girl. Leila married Harry Hamilton, a concrete bridge contractor. Donald married Erma Prather.

GRIFFITH, HARRY R. by daughter-in-law Edna Griffith

William and Nancy Griffith crossed the plains in covered wagons and settled at Eugene, Ore. Harry was born Feb. 22, 1855 and grew up there in that neighborhood. He came to Washington in 1886 and logged with ox team on the Columbia River. He met and married Anna C. Oxman of Stella, Wash. on Feb. 27, 1889. They lived on the Columbia until 1894 when they came to the Lewis River and settled at Yale, on a homestead. He farmed and did freighting for the upper logging camps, and in 1908 built and ran a grocery store until 1920. Mrs. Griffith ran the Post Office at Yale from 1904 until 1940. They had one child, a son, Roy B. who married Edna Eaton. Their children were Roy E., who married Clara Walth, Patricia, who married Howard Hanson and Maxine, who married Gene Stuart.

GUILD, BERRICK CHICKERING by May Guild, daughter-in-law

Berrick Chickering Guild and family arrived at Woodland May 2, 1882. As a small lad he had crossed the plains, in 1847 with his parents, Peter and Elizabeth (Richardson) Guild from Illinois to Portland. He married Emily Maria LaRue at Scholls, Ore. and they lived on his father's DLC where their six children were born. He and his brothers ran a large dairy there. When he moved here be brought 45 milk cows.

They bought the 325 acre farm of George Love, paying $4000 for the place. He went into the butter making business and Theophilie "Gotlieb" Friedlie, who came with the family, was the butter maker. They shipped butter by boat to Portland until the creamery began operating in town. Guild had a homestead up the Lewis River where the stock was taken to in high water times. This place was deeded to Friedlie in lieu of wages. In later years, Mr. Guild and wife moved into town and his sons ran the farm.

He tried his hand at prospecting up the Lewis River. He also hunted and fished. Often on these trips he made Ole Petersons at Cougar his headquarters. He prospected in Idaho and Montana. His brother-in-law, Leonard LaRue, managed the farm when he was away on these trips.

Mrs. Guild's parents were Lydia Rowell and Jacob LaRue who came by covered wagon from Illinois in 1852, to Scholls, Ore. Her brother, Leonard LaRue married Melvina Grimes and they were early settlers of this valley. Their children were Elmer, Lydia and Bartlette.

Mrs. Guild owned the first phaeton in the valley. Her husband bought her a fine driving horse.

The Guild house, now owned by the Charles Ekman family, is one of the oldest in the valley.

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Guild and their marriages:

Jesse Jacob Guild married Alwilda May Klady and their children were: Emily Grace Belle, Jesse Robert, Lydia Clarissa, Ernest Eugene, Arthur Klady and Alice May.

Len W. married Josephine Russel of Portland, Ore. and their children were: Garnet Ilice and Stanley I.

Nel Irving married Idalia Klager and they had one child, Irvina Klager.

Frances Osa married Stanford Catos and their children were: Festa Valentine, Osa Ora, Berrick Clark, Floyd Sylvester, Orville Banford, Arnold Alford, Ruth L. Vivian and Emily Alta.

Alice Louisa married George Ernst of Portland and their children were: Emily Adelma, A. Mildred and George C.

Linda May married Judson D. Oliver and their children were: Harry J., Harley C. and Irene.

Mr. Guild was a prosperous farmer and dairyman. He and his family were hard workers. They were a jolly people and they loved sports. In later life he and his wife moved into town and his sons and son-in-law, Judd Oliver ran the farm. Len W. is the only surviving member of the family. He is 83 years old and lived near Scholls, Oregon.

Jesse J. Guild and wife, May, bought the C. L. Klady farm in 1912.

HAMILTON, EMMONDS R. by daughter-in-law Vernie Sawyer Hamilton (Mrs. Robert Abraham)

Emmonds R. Hamilton and wife, Susan Brown came from Indiana to Cedar Creek in 1996 or '87. Mr. Hamilton was a watch maker and gunsmith working in Portland in early years, but repaired watches for neighbors and friends until his death May 21, 1919. Mrs. Hamilton died March 12, 1919. Their children were Jim, who married Lucy Pfevie (children not known) and Hugh, who married Verna Sawyer. (see Sawyer family.)


Albert Hank came to Woodland not long after the Spechts. Charley sent him money to come here and he worked for Charley to repay the obligation. Albert was a lean and lanky six footer usually clad in blue denim jacket and overalls with knee high gum boots. He could dress up though and did when he played in the Woodland band and when he went courting. He was a farmer and dairyman and worked for and around the Thiels, Klagers and Spechts.

Albert married a widow, Mrs. Abraham with a son, Wesley and a daughter, Ina. The Hanks had one son, Herman Albert. He died in 1902. Howard Bozorth later married Mrs. Hank.


John Hanson came from Denmark and his future wife, Mary Nelson came from Sweden. They met in Illinois where they were both working and were married in 1897. They continued living in Illinois where their two older children were born. From Mr. Hansen's Denmark friend, Louis Iverson, who had previously come here and settled on Lake River, they had reports of good working conditions here and made the trip in 1906 by rail to Portland and on down to Pekin on the Str. MASCOT.

They first lived back of the Fishers on the Clark Co. side, on the Pekin road. Mr. Hansen first worked for the railroad at one dollar a day and later farmed on the Woodland bottoms. He died in 1927, five years after they had made the town of Woodland their home. Mrs. Hansen is spry and daughter, Edna says, "gifted with a good sense of humor. She loves to knit and crochet - would work in the garden if she could." Their children are: Nora, Roy, Leo, Edna and Walter. Edna is Mrs. Ralph Knight.


Peter Hansen was born in Denmark in 1858. He ran away from home when he was 8. He took to the sea and sailed on German and English wind jammers heaving to in San Francisco Bay. He met Agusta Abrahamson at St. Helena Sanitarium near Napa, an Adventist institution and they were married in San Francisco coming to Astoria by boat in 1888. Six children were born to the Hansens while living in Astoria where Mr. Hansen fished. In 1897 they bought the D. Wells Gardner hill place and moved in 1898. Mr. Hansen continued Columbia River fishing, along with farming until his death in 1902. The Hansen children were: Jennie, Peter, Emma, August, Ole and Clare all born in Astoria and Johnie born at Hayes. Jennie married Fred Cochran and their children were Fred Jr., Myrtle, Augusta, and Marie. Peter never married. Emma married Wilford Craik, August married Ester Johnson, Ole never married. Clara married Ed Courtney, brother of John Courtney. John Courtney never married.

Mrs. Hansen died in 1930. Four of her children survive: Jennie, Emma, Clara and August.

The Hansen children went to the Hayes school and later the Gattis school, now an Adventist school.

August Hansen now owns the farm and his sister Emma Craik owns the house.

Jennie tells of seeing a panther jump upon a log with a pig in its mouth and running to the neighbors to spread the alarm.


Among the early day residents of the Kerns neighborhood was William and Clair Harter. Mrs. Harter was appointed post mistress of the Kerns Post Office, February 12, 1893, following the tenure of Gene Wright. Another local resident, Mrs. Irene Robinson followed, Mrs. Harter in that position about the year 1900. The Harter store where the Post Office was located was about 200 yards up the unimproved street from the present Schurman Machine works with its rear against the river bank.


Tom Haywood was a trapper and logger around the turn of the century. Gil Murk tells of log drives with Tom. Tom later went to Alaska for Charley Kletok to look after Charley's fox farm.


George D. and Katie Lamar Hawkins with their four children, Grace, Leona (one), Agnes and Luella came to Lewis River in 1888. They first settled on what was the Clark place, now the Ross Wallis place. Two years later the Hawkins moved to the Empetize place. Two years later they took up a homestead at Yale. In 1898 Mr. Hawkins traded his homestead to Frank Murk for acreage along the river front of Mr. Murk's place. Other children born to the Hawkins family were: Myrtle, Henry, and Edith.

Grace married William Newkirk in 1900 and their children were Verna Effie, Lois, Ellen, Catherine, William and Dorothy. One married Tad Paulsen and their children were: George, Walter, Mildren and William. Agnes married Lew Samuelson and their only child was Dorothy. Luella married Jim Manning and their children were Florence, Alfred, Agnes, Margaret and Arnold. Myrtle married Fred Reiker and their children were: Blanch, Buelah and Hazel. Henry died at age 2 1/2 years and Edith married Les Peterson and they had two boys. Grace Newkirk later married Roy Hunter and they now live in Woodland.


Herbert Hewell bought the D. W. Gardner Donation Land Claim from M. Knutsen who had bought it in 1908 from Ed Gardner. His children were: Archie, Harry, Frank, Ethel and Vida. Archie married Nora Russell; Harry married Flora Byers; Frank married Frances Zuhl; Ethel married Laurence Gattis. Vida, offspring of his second marriage to Martha Shurman, married Maynard Bozlee.


Dr. Carl J. Hoffman, need it be said again has been, for the last half century, the man to render aid to the sick and afflicted of the Woodland Community.


Tom and Mary Hollingsworth and daughter Ollie came to the Hayes scene in about 1880. Tom was a colorful character. He bought the old Jefferson Huff Donation Land Claim and lived in a log house down by the big cherry trees near the present Ben Hills. Tom indulged in varied activities, besides farming. He had a colt he trained to be a race horse. He built a scow that, as he said, would "float on a little dam ground". He was friendly to the Indians and gave Indian Joe ten acres down by the river and Joe was so pleased that he added Hollingsworth to his name, being called Joe Hollingsworth thereafter.

The Hollingsworths later built a fine large house on the knoll which became a show place for the community. (The house later burned down when the Holcombs, parents of Mrs. Alonzo Gant owned the place and the Hollingsworths had moved to Portland).

Tom and Mary Hollingsworth had one daughter, Ollie, who married Bart Wiggins, brother of Mrs. Aaron Evans. Bart built a house on the portion of the Hollingsworth place where the Jay Smiths now live in the same house.

Bart and Ollie Wiggins had one son, Rufus. The Wiggins later moved to Kalama where he was in the wood business.


Leopold Hopf, proprietor of the Hopf Hotel, Insurance Agent, Notary Public and Justice of the peace, was born in Switzerland in 1849. He came to America when he was 18. He traveled much in this country, settling first in the Willamette Valley near Goshen, dairying 3 years, and in 1883 purchased an 80 acre farm and as much more Railroad land situated on Cedar Creek and the Dobler Hill. He farmed there 4 1/2 years. In 1888 he moved to Woodland where he conducted a creamery and entered the Hotel business. He was a charter member of the Woodland Chapter of Odd Fellows. In 1877 he married Caroline Pfanner, a native of Switzerland. Their children were: Mary, Emma and Leopold. Mary married Bill Goerig; Esther, another child drowned at age 3 having wandered from the father while he was in the store.

HOUGHTON, CHARLES by cousin Curtis Gardner

Charles, son of Henry and Sarah Houghton, was born July 27, 1875 at Hayes, Lewis River, Washington Territory. he grew up on his father's farm and worked out with his team in logging camps and contracted getting out trap poles for the Bakers Bay trap fisherman-mainly for his cousins the Gerow boys at Chinook, Washington. Charley boasted that nobody could peel a trap pole faster than he.

February 21, 1897, Charley married Joella Matthews in Gardner Chapel at Hayes. The newly weds first lived on the old Littler place, originally the D. W. Gardner homestead - not to be confused with the D. W. Gardner Donation Land Claim which adjoined. After a year, in the meantime working his farm and driving team in his Uncle Tom Wilson's logging camp near La Center, wanting a farm of his own, in 1899 he rented the D. W. Gardner farm, living there until 1904, when he bought the David Kenyon and Orlando C. Miller farms in what is now the Clover Valley District. He moved into the Kenyon home and lived there eight years, when it burned to the ground, February 1913. It was then that Orlando Miller, a Lewis River character who everyone knew as a wit and punster, showed his true character by coming over to Charley telling him that he would move out so that Charley could move into his house while Charley built his new home. This Charley did, building a fine new house and barn. By this time Charley had established a reputation for thrift and honesty and was able to secure loans for immediate improvements when needed.

Charley built up his beef and dairy cattle herd and acquired a reputation of being a shrewd trader in horses and cattle.

Charles and Joella Houghton's children are: Elmer, who died at age 26; Luella, who married Will Beebe and later married J. W. Breedlove; Clara Ruth, who married Bob Kouvo, later married Lawrence Englert, later married nick keisala; Cecil, who married Dapel Workman; Sara Ann, who married Bernard Beagle and later married Goldie Baird; Rita May, who married Roy Sellers.

The Houghton family lived on the farm, sending their children to the Woodland and Clover Valley Schools, until, renting their farm in 1922, they moved to Woodland. They lived there until 1925 when they moved back to the farm where they remained until 1937, when they again moved to Woodland, buying a new home and settling down in retirement.

While living on the Gardner place, Mr. Houghton operated a ferry for public and private use. In 1929 he secured a contract from the Ariel Dam builders to furnish them with milk for their camps. The price was seven cents per quart in 10 gallon cans and ten cents per quart in quart bottles. He kept the camps supplied until the dam was completed.

Mr. Houghton was a religious man. He sometimes filled the pulpit in the preacher's absence. He was proud of his physique and had quite a reputation as a wrestler.

Mr. and Mrs. Houghton died a half year apart. She died June 20, 1955 and he January 10, 1956.

HOUGHTON, HENRY by nephew Curtis Gardner

Henry Houghton was born in Detroit, Michigan, January 21, 1840. He crossed the plains with his parents to California in 1852, arriving in 1853. The family moved to Oregon in 1865 and lived in Astoria until 1869. Henry and Sarah set up housekeeping on a place joining the Gardner Donation Land Claim on the west where their three children were born. About 1878 or 80, they moved across the river to a place formerly a part of the William Powell Donation Land Claim where they lived until Mrs. Houghton's death in 1908. Mr. Houghton then moved to Portland where he died in 1922. They were both Charter Members of the Sylvan Rebecca Lodge of Woodland, organized July 20, 1899.

Their children were: Jesse L. born April 8, 1870 who married Laura Eggars March 17, 1895; Charles H. born July 27, 1875 who married Joella Matthews on February 21, 1897 and Minnie Grace, born December 23, 1877, who married Wilford Gross on October 21, 1903. Charles H. died January 10, 1956 in Woodland.

Henry Houghton was a prosperous farmer and alert to the necessities of the times. The Lewis River farmers depended on the steamboats to market their products and in 1891 when the farmers had become dissatisfied with the rates charged by Jacob Kamm's Steamer MASCOT, Mr. Houghton joined a group of seven to form the Woodland Navigation Company. They bought the Steamer TOLEDO and ran it as an opposition boat. Their group included James Copeland, John Robinson, Charley Specht, Henry Houghton, George Bratton, C.A. Soney and Barney, all prominent in early Lewis River History. But after one year's operation, this venture failed. Mr. Houghton spent his last years at the Mizpah Home in Portland.

HOUGHTON, JESSE by cousin Curtis Gardner

Jesse, son of Henry and Sarah Houghton, was born April 8, 1870 at Hayes, Lewis River, Washington Territory. He worked on his father's farm and as he grew into his teens, looked for an opening where he could better display his talents. In 1887 when Mr. Koch started the first cheese factory in Woodland, Jesse became his helper. Two years later when Mr. Peter McIntosh, by an invitation of the newly formed Woodland Dairy Association began making cheese, Jesse became his helper. Mr. McIntosh's reputation was such that all of the milk came to his factory and Mr. Koch, a hard man to deal with anyway, was frozen out. There Jesse mastered the cheese making business.

Jesse married Laura Eggars March 17, 1895 in Gardner's Chapel at Hayes. They set up housekeeping in Grandpa Houghton's house across the creek from the Henry Houghton place and Jesse started making cheese in a building erected for that purpose adjoining his parents' house using his father's and adjoining farmers' milk. After a few years he and family moved to Mohler, Oregon where he made cheese a year or so. They then moved to La Center, Washington on the Jonathan Gerow place where they lived until 1907 when they loaded up their belongings and with their family of five children headed for the Siuslaw country to take up a homestead which they did on the North Fork. Here they built a house, barn and small cheese factory. They bought adjoining property and developed a large dairy farm which their son, Herbert now operates.

Jesse and Laura Houghton's children are: Jesse L., Martha L., Gilbert J., Myrtle G., Gertrude I., Henry L., ;Herbert C., and Ruby B.

Mr. and Mrs. Houghton lived several years on a place two miles nearer Florence after they sold the home place to their son Herbert and Mr. Houghton, age 87, now lives with his daughters in Bremerton, Wash. Mrs. Houghton died there last year, July 24, 1956. Mr. Houghton is a valuable source of information on events in Lewis River history. He remembers when C. C. Bozorth started his store and called the place Woodland. Doll Lewis, C. C.'s nephew, started a store in the old Grange Hall a year or so later in what became known as Kerns and Chris wanted Doll to go in with him, but Doll went ahead with his Kern's store and Post Office and became his Uncle's competitor.

Jesse's hobby is checker playing. Up until a couple of years ago you couldn't catch him anywhere without a checkerboard. Just recently he leaves it home.


Jefferson Huff, a native of Indiana, took up a Donation Land Claim on what are now the Fleetwood, Jay and Andy Smith places in 1853. He was the first representative in the territorial legislature. He established a Post Office and store called Pekin on Lewis River in 1853 and conducted both until 1855 when he removed the sphere of his labors. He was a man of considerable importance, holding the office of Vice President of the Territorial Agricultural Society. He was a neighbor of Capt. William Bratton from whom he received some grape cuttings. Sometime after the Capt. asked him how the vines were doing, the Dr. replied, "I do not think they will grow. I have pulled them up two or three times and there is no sign of roots to them yet!"


John G. and Emma Allen Hunter with their four children, Florence, Roy, Mable and Jud came to Kalama from Iowa by train in 1888. The Hunters were coming west to join the Miles Allen family who had come seven or eight years before. Miles was then living on the Jackson Powell homestead on Green Mountain. The Hunters knew they had a long hike ahead of them but they struck out on foot. They went by way of Martin's Bluff where there was a store. Florence 12, Roy 10 1/2, and Mable 7 all hiked along and Judd age 10 months rode on his father's shoulders. When they reached Martin's Bluff, after the seven miles hike, they met up with Frank Jenkins who had come down from his Green Mountain homestead to do some trading. He had a saddle horse and a pack horse. Instead of loading his horses with groceries, he put Mrs. Hunter and Jud on one horse and riding the other, they struck out for his home. Mr. Hunter and the three children following on foot, and arriving at the Jenkins home 2 1/2 hours later. After dinner Mr. Jenkins hitched up a team and drove the family up to Miles Allen's.

After a couple weeks rest and visit the Hunters moved to the Howard Bozorth house which still stands at the foot hills back of Wayne Bozorth's after Mr. Hunter bought property at the present Schurman Machine Shop (SH 503 & East Scott) location and erected a home and shoe shop.

Mrs. Hunter died here and Mr. Hunter after spending many years at the last, remarried and moved to California.

The Hunter children were: Florence, who married Tom Powell and their children were: Reuben, Mable, Sadie and Laurence. Roy who married Ellie Williams and their children were Dorothy and George. Mable who married Bert Berry and their children were Albert, Walter, and Salie. And Jud who married Florence Curtis and their children were: Rnest...(Ernest? unreadable in my copy. jc), Violet, Cecil, Vivian, Doris, Grace, Leona and Richard.

Roy Hunter later married Grace Newkirk and they now live in Woodland.


Frank and Hannah Howland Jenkins came to Martin's Bluff in 1853 at the request of William H. Martin, to build and operate a grist mill on the part known as Mill Creek. Mr. Jenkins took up a homestead nearby on which he raised his three daughters and one son. These children were: Fred, Lelia, Lucia and Nora.

The son, Fred, married Hannah Wodaege and their children were Frances, Lucia, Hallett, Joe, Beatrice, Ruth, John, Susan, Frank and Mary Lou. Frances married Harry C. Brown; Lucia married Jack Wolf, Hallett never married, Joe married Mary Allison, Beatrice is Mrs. B. ...olly; Ruth married Carl Nortness; John died at age three; Susan married John Wilson, Frank's wife's name is Evelyn; and Mary Lou married ..us Rosenboom.

Leila Jenkins married Charley Lane. Their children were: Hannah, Marie, David, Dick George, Lucy and Edith.

Lucia Jenkins never married and now lives with her nephew, William (Bill) Burke. Her's has been a live of service having taught school at Hayes, Park Grove, Clover Valley, Etna and elsewhere in Clark and Cowlitz counties. She also served as Cowlitz County School Superintendent. Lucia Jenkins is now 88 years of age.

Nora Jenkins married William (Bill) Burke and their children were: William (Bill), now living in the Green Mountain area and Nellie.

JOHN, JACOB by great-grandson Curtis Gardner

Jacob John was born in Tennessee in 1802. He moved to Ohio where, in 1823 he married Rachel Whitaker who was born in West Virginia. They moved to Mahaska County, Iowa where they remained until may 1, 1852 when, with their children and grandchildren started for Oregon. Arriving in Portland on October 28, 1852. Their children were: Mary Jane, Louisa, Elizabeth born May 22, 1819, Sarah, Polly Ann, Oliver, Jacob, Roberdo, Rhoda Ruth, Cynthia Ann, Sumeral Ambrose and Rachel Christina. The known marriages of these children: Louisa married a Mr. Ingram in Iowa; Elizabeth married Allen Gilson, Feb. 1, 1844 in Iowa; Rhoda Ruth married John H. Van Bebber and their children were: Francis, Emma, Edith and Ida. Francis Van Bebber married Lulu Stuart. They had one child, Lloyd now living in Portland. Edith married Narman Merrill and their children were Leota, Cress and Margaret. Ida married Dr. Parrent and their children were: Buzz, Percy and another. Rhoda Van Bebber later married on June 20, 1863, C. C. Bozorth. Cynthia Ann on June 18, 1857 married Squire Bozorth Jr. Their children were: William born October 16, 1858; Alfred born January 29, 1862 and Leona born April 1, 1876. She died at age 14.

Sumerel Ambrose was born June 14, 1843 and when his father died in 1863, at age 20, he took charge of the homestead. He piloted up the Lewis River the first steamer that made the trip that far up. This was in 1858. Her name was the EAGLE and she took a cargo of potatoes from the John farm to market. Sumerel lived on the farm until 1871 when he moved to Eastern Oregon and engaged in farming and stock raising. He was, for a time, in the butcher business in Weston, Oregon. In 1880 he opened the St. John hotel in that town and conducted it until August 1884 when he established himself in Vancouver at the Washington Market on Main street. He married in 1865 to Miss Olive Goodwin and had seven children: Aura, Mary O., Charles, Mark P., Wallace G., Rhoda E., and Summeral Jr.

After wintering in Portland, meanwhile looking for a location and working hard, our subject, Jacob John, in the spring started out to find the Bozorth family whom he had known in Iowa. Finding them on the Lewis River, he located on the North Fork of that stream in April, erected a cabin and commenced facing the hardships of pioneer life having his crops destroyed by water and cold. In 1861-62 he moved to Mill Plain where he lived until his death, December 10, 1863, being 61 years of age. He sold his Donation Land Claim to George Backman, known as the George Backman place three miles above Woodland on the Clark County side.


Emanuel Jensen married Emma Dahlgren and their children were: Bill, ..arry, Emmons and Shafter. The Jensens settled in Cedar Creek district.


Carl Johnson came from Minnesota to Woodland about 1902. He and Gussie Gray, daughter of Captain Gray who in turn was brother-in-law of Jacob Kamm, were married about a year later. The Johnsons lived in the Old Captain Gray home until Carl's death October 4, 1957. Gussie now lives in Battle Ground.

Carl's activities consisted of truck and jitney work, first using teams, then Model T's and Fords and later larger cars.


Stephen Jones was born February 2, 1842 in Tennessee. He was the seventh child in a family of thirteen. When I was eight, my family moved to Ohio. I got my education between the plow handles. In 1862 I went to Kentucky and from there joined a party of Missourians who were starting across the plains to California. We had 16 wagons in our train and our motive power was the old reliable Missouri mule. We left from Pike County, Missouri for the San Joaquin Valley of California. We had heard lots of talk about the plains being black with buffalo but we did not see a single buffalo on our trip nor a hostile Indian. We killed and ate plenty of antelope on the way.

I landed a job on a ranch near Stockton. After working 10 years in the valley I moved east of the mountains and ran a dairy ranch near Susanville, in Lassen County. I hadn't been there long when I met and married Charlotte Crowder, on November 19, 1872.

Charlotte Crowder was born in Yolo County, California and later moved to Susanville. Five of their seven children were born in Calif.

In 1881 we moved to Woodland and bought a farm six miles from Woodland at what is known now as the Torppa and Peltonen places on the little Kalama road. The children first went to school with the Powell boy, Ross family and numerous others at a little school located near the Jess Jones place. They later attended the Canyon school located in the vicinity of Clover Valley.

After farming this place for 18 years in which time we made several trips to California I got my price for it and sold and about a 221 acre place on the bottoms which I farmed for several years with the help of my sons. I sold this farm which is the Ben Thomas farm now for $15,500.

Charlotte and Stephen celebrated their golden wedding anniversary in Woodland November 19, 1922. They have five surviving children: Emma Spivy of Portland; Alice Spect, of Toppenish; Ed Jones of Woodland; Mable Bozorth of Redmond and Jess Jones of Woodland. Phillip passed away on August 1958. Cedora Bozorth passed away November, 1934.


Phillip Jones and Ragna Tangen were married September 27, 1903 at Woodland, Washington. After their marriage they lived on the old Stephen Jones Ranch near Caples Landing, now called the Ben Thomas ranch.

Phillip and wife lived there for 15 years then sold their stock and bought the old Tom Geiger place and the Moss Webb place, then owned by Mr. Kerr, seven miles east of Woodland. They joined the two places together which was a little over 200 acres. Phillip and Ragna ran a dairy farm there for several years. During that time Phillip was road boss on the Lewis River Road, in his district, and was also foreman of the rock crusher located on Johnson Creek during the building of the Merwin Dam, where the rock was used.

Phillip did some logging on his ranch and was noted for his fine horses, which he always drove with much pride. Before his marriage, Phillip did a lot of horse team logging in different logging camps and in early life worked on the railroad when it first came through Woodland, many years ago.

To Phillip and Ragna Jones were born seven children: Stephen T. Jones, Sr. now married to Blanche Woody; Pauline Jones now married to Carvel O. Bucholz; Chester H. Jones who passed away at the age of 6; Phillip C. Jones, Jr. married Alice Kalahan; Adeline E. Jones married to Ben A. Thomas; Juanita d. Jones married to Don L. Tittle who passed away in 1942 now married to Walter J. Flagar and Lloyd C. Jones, unmarried.

Phillip and Ragna sold their ranch to Ben and Adaline Thomas then bought a home in Woodland where Ragna still lives. Phillip and Ragna were married almost 54 years when Phillip passed away August 26, 1957 at the age of 80.


Jesse Jones was born February 14, 1892 at Woodland Washington; lived with his folks, Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Sr. on their farm near Caples Landing. When grown went out for himself. Jesse met and married Esther M. Poland, July 1, 1925; to them two daughters were born, Erma and Dona Jean, both now married.

Jesse lived in Woodland most of his life with exception of two years on Hoods Canal near Port Townsend.

Jesse also did some logging industry and construction and road maintenance work. Jesse and Esther Jones live on an acreage four miles up the Lewis River.

KENYON, DAVID by nephew Curtis Gardner

David W. Kenyon was born in Utica, New York on July 9, 1830. In 1853 he headed for the Sutter Gold fields in California. While panning gold there he heard of the gold strike on the Fraser River in British Columbia and with his poke of dust headed there. Not finding pay dirt he headed back to California. When he reached Portland, running out of funds, he hired out as a woodcutter to Jonathan Gerow who operated a wood yard at St. Johns. There he met Sophia Gardner who was helping her sister Ellen (Mrs. Gerow) in the cook house and they were married January 7, 1861 at Lewis River, Washington Territory. Mr. Kenyon took up a homestead on the south side of the East Fork of Lewis River in 1862 near present La Center and later moved to their future home across the North Fork from the D. W. Gardner, DLC. They raised their family there. The children were: Lorena E. born Oct. 8, 1862 who married Jim Russell; Lorenzo D. born Nov. 11, 1863 who was drowned in 1894 on the Coeur D'Alene River in Idaho. Charles S. born May 28, 1866 who married Phoebe Strong and later married Carrie Danner; Nathaniel Webster born June 11, 1869 who married Carrie Apperson; Clara May born May 17, 1872 who married Billy Hilligut.

The children may have gone to school in a one-room school house just above the present Finn Hall on the river bank and they may have gone across the river where D. W. Gardner and son Wells taught in the log schoolhouse.

Mr. Kenyon gave the site for the Kenyon School (now the Clover Valley School). It may be that some of the children attended that school. Mr. Kenyon had taught school before coming west and wanted his children to have the best schooling possible.

The following incident is recorded in the Vancouver Independent on March 3, 1877. "A wagon load of young couples went to the home of D. W. Kenyon up the North Fork of Lewis River to an oyster supper. On the way the wagon slipped off the side of the road and tipped over, spilling all hands out. The men pulled the young ladies on to the road to safely. Also, with the horses straining on their tugs they were able to get the wagon back on the road. They then completed their journey covered with mud from head to foot." This article was signed "IDA", probably Ida Van Bebber Bozorth, who later married Dr. Parrent.

Mr. Kenyon always had the lure for gold in his blood. Nothing pleased him more than to take a gold pan, pick and shovel, shoulder his knap sack and prospect the nearby creeks, always finding some colors. His second love was plenty of chewing tobacco. He was an expert with a chew. He could hit the fireplace from halfway across the room. His favorite cuss word was "by crackie".

In the 1890's Mr. and Mrs. Kenyon moved to Los Angeles where they lived with their son Charles until their deaths. She died in 1912 and he on July 14, 1921. Their son Webster played in the Woodland Band and was a good tenor singer. Webster's son David W. now lives in Van Nuys, California and teaches Art in the Van Nuys High School.


Mr. Kinch at one time owned the Cloudy Bozorth place where Carlton Conrad now lives. In 1891 he sold some acreage to A. W. Scott.


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